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futur simple, uses of devoir, futur antérieur


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The discontent grows.
- the discontent

La grogne monte.
- la grogne

the ache

la courbature

futur simple (regulier):
- parler
- choisir

Infinitive is stem
parler+   ai as a ons ez ont
choisir+ ai as a ons ez ont          

futur simple ("re" regular verb):
- répondre

Infinitive w/ final 'e' removed is stem
répondr+   ai as a ons ez ont

futur simple: irregular stem
- to have
- to call

tenir: tiendrai ...
appeler: appellerai ...

futur simple: irregular stem
- to hire
- to wipe

employer: emploierai
essuyer: essuierai
(m/ y->ie)

futur simple: irregular stem
- to prefer

préférer: préfèrerai

the media stunt

le coup d'éclat médiatique

It looks like that he came back with a bang.

On dirait qu'il est revenu avec un coup d'éclat.

The model is available in several colours.
- to be available in (not "est disponible en")
- the colour (not "la couleur")

Le modèle se décline dans de nombreux coloris.
- se décliner dans
- le coloris

The approach can be broken down into two parts.

L'approche peut se décliner en deux parties.

She owes me a thousand euros.
- to owe

Elle me doit mille euros.
- devoir (as a debt)

You must attend the meeting tomorrow morning.
- must

Vous devez assister à la réunion demain matin.
- devoir (as a obligation)

The plane is supposed to land at ten o'clock.
- to be supposed to

L'avion doit atterir à dix heures.
- devoir (as a probability)

You should not lend him money.
- should

Tu ne devrais pas lui prêter d'argent.
- devoir (conditional) (as a warning or suggestion)

The farmer hitched a cart to the horse.
- to hitch
- the cart

Le paysan a attelé une charrette au cheval.
- atteler (transitive)
e+l+er: attelle attelles attelle
attelons attelez attelent
- la charrette

I'm going to get on with this task.
- to get on with

Je vais m'atteler à cette tâche.
- s'atteler (pronominal)

the owner
the bar owner
the innkeeper

le tenancier
le tenancier de bar
le tenancier d'auberge

The prime minister seeks to be, despite everything, reassuring.

Le premier minister se veut, malgré tout, rassurant.
(se vouloir)

One spits when one sings.
hint: not "cracher"
- to spit, to splutter

On postillonne quand on chante.
- postillonner

The coward which is deep within us.
hint: not "la lâche"
- the coward

Le poltron qui est au fond de nous.
- le poltron

We will have solved all the problems by the end of the year.

Nous aurons résolu tous les problèmes d'ici la fin de l'année.
(le futur antérieur)

Tomorrow at this time he'll have come back from his trip.

Demain à cette heure il sera revenu de son voyage.
(le futur antérieur)

The children will have already gone to bed when their parents return.

Les enfants se seront déjà couchés quand leurs parents reviendront.
(le futur antérieur: se coucher)

to spread like wildfire
- the trail
- the powder

se répandre comme une traînée de poudre
- la traînée
- la poudre

The electoral campaign is in its last stretch.
hint: "stretch" as in the "straight" of a race

La campagne électorale arrive dans son dernier droit.

the ethics

la déontologie